Sandalwood (Santalum Album) are of the most valuable tree species in the world. Small to medium size shrubs and trees common to the South West Pacific, Solomon Islands and Australia. All the wood in the tree can be used for either ground for use in incense or the valuable essential oils which are contained in the heartwood.
- Sandalwoods are parasitic, requiring other plants caled hosts from which they obtain their nutrients and moisture by root contact. Some hosts improve the growth and survival of the sandalwood plant more than others.
- This timber is one of the finest woods for carving. Durable and smooth, it is close grained with a uniform texture and is easily worked with hand tools. The wood is prized for making intricately carved furniture, handcrafted ornaments and sacred objects.
- Utilized in the production of perfume, toiletries, medical and incense. Sandalwood is a tree of huge religous and cultural significance to Hindus and Bhuddhists, many parts of the plant are used in religous festivals.
- The extractives of the Sandalwood tree are highly valued on the world market.